These Oppressions Won’t CeaseThe Political Thought of the Cape Khoesan, 1777–1879 An Anthology
- Publication Date: 2017
- Dimensions and Pages: 234 x 156mm; Available in paperback and ebook Extent: 288pp
- Paperback EAN: 978-1-77614-180-7
- eBook EAN: 978-1-77614-182-1
- PDF EAN: 978-1-77614-181-4
- Recommended Price (ZAR): 380.00
Internationally reknowned Robert Ross is arguably the pre-eminent historian of the preindustrial Cape, acclaimed for the meticulousness of his archival research and the expressive clarity of his prose … this is a highly pioneering study; there is really nothing like it in the field …
— Bill Nasson, distinguished professor at the University of Stellenbosch, historian and author of History Matters: Selected Writings 1970-2016 (2016).
This is the first book to allow indigenous inhabitants of the Cape to express their own voices … it unearths material little known both to specialists and to the general public. It is thus not a mere ‘collection of documents’ but a powerful statement of the adaptation of indigenous thought and knowledge to colonialism … This book will swiftly become a classic.
— Nigel Worden, professor in the Department of Historical Studies, University of Cape Town and author of The Making of Modern South Africa; Conquest, Apartheid and Democracy.
The Khoesan were the first people in Africa to undergo the full rigours of European colonisation. By the early nineteenth century, they had largely been brought under colonial rule, dispossessed of their land and stock, and forced to work as labourers for farmers of European descent. Nevertheless, a portion of them were able to regain a degree of freedom and maintain their independence by taking refuge in the mission stations of the Western and Eastern Cape, most notably in the Kat River valley. For much of the nineteenth century, these Khoesan people kept up a steady commentary on, and intervention in, the course of politics in the Cape Colony.
Through petitions, speeches at meetings, letters to the newspapers and correspondence between themselves, the Cape Khoesan articulated a continuous critique of the oppressions of colonialism, always stressing the need for equality before the law, as well as their opposition to attempts to limit their freedom of movement through vagrancy legislation and related measures. This was accompanied by a well-grounded distrust, in particular, of the British settlers of the Eastern Cape and a concomitant hope, rarely realised, in the benevolence of the British government in London. Comprising 98 of these texts, These Oppressions Won’t Cease – an utterance expressed by Willem Uithaalder, commander of Khoe rebel forces in the war of 1850-3 –contains the essential documents of Khoesan political thought in the nineteenth century.
These texts of the Khoesan provide a history of resistance to colonial oppression which has largely faded from view. Robert Ross, the eminent historian of precolonial South Africa, brings back their voices from the annals of the archive, voices which were formative in the establishment of black nationalism in South Africa, but which have long been silenced.
• Meticulous work of archival research by an eminent pre-colonial historian.
• A rare anthology of texts of the Khoesan people mainly from the Kat River settlement (Winterberg area in Eastern Cape province).
• The anthology captures the voice, the agency and the testimony of the Khoesan people’s struggle and oppression under colonial rule.
Bonus free supplement:
A selection of source documentation in Dutch has been selected and compiled by Robert Ross. It is available for free on www.oapen.org
In the early nineteenth century, the linguistic situation of the Eastern Cape was changing among the Cape Khoesan. Their indigenous language, Cape Khoekhoe, was swiftly being replaced by Dutch or Proto-Afrikaans. The Cape Khoesan articulated their continuous critique of the oppressions of European colonialism through petitions, speeches at meetings and letters to the newspapers. Communication with British officialdom, and in general, was mostly in English or translated into English by the administration.
These translations are published in the anthology selected and compiled by Robert Ross, These Oppressions Won’t Cease (Wits University Press, 2017). In this supplementary edition, the author has made a compilation of the Dutch texts on which those documents are based. It is a supplement that presents the few original Dutch speeches and letters that survived, thereby giving readers and scholars access to the ‘raw data’. Most importantly, the supplement provides a unique record of the Khoesan’s resistance, in their own voices, to European settler colonialism.